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Biology Chapter 35

Chapter 35 - Nervous System Practice Test
 
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Chapter 35 - Nervous System Practice Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A group of similar cells that perform a single function is called a(an)
a.
nerve.
c.
organ system.
b.
organ.
d.
tissue.
 

 2. 

The basic types of tissue in the human body are
a.
cell, organ, and organ system.
b.
sight, smell, and hearing.
c.
thyroid, trachea, adenoid, and bronchus.
d.
muscle, nervous, connective, and epithelial.
 

 3. 

Which type of tissue lines your internal organs?
a.
epithelial
c.
nerve
b.
connective
d.
muscle
 

 4. 

Which type of tissue provides support for the body?
a.
epithelial
c.
nerve
b.
connective
d.
muscle
 

 5. 

Which of the following levels of organization best represents the sequence from smallest unit to largest?
a.
cell, organism, organ, tissue
c.
cell, organism, tissue, organ system
b.
cell, tissue, organ, organ system
d.
cell, tissue, organism, organ
 

 6. 

Which of the following pairs provides structural support for a human?
a.
skin and blood
c.
spine and heart
b.
bones and muscles
d.
brain and nerves
 

 7. 

Which three human-body systems coordinate to cause an arm to move?
a.
nervous, muscular, skeletal
c.
skeletal, circulatory, immune
b.
respiratory, muscular, digestive
d.
digestive, nervous, circulatory
 

 8. 

Carbon dioxide is produced as cells break down nutrients for energy. Which of the following pairs of systems would participate in removing the carbon dioxide from the body?
a.
endocrine and circulatory
c.
respiratory and endocrine
b.
circulatory and respiratory
d.
reproductive and excretory
 

 9. 

The respiratory system depends on the nervous system for signals to
a.
enhance the amount of available oxygen in the lungs.
b.
coordinate muscles controlling breathing.
c.
release enzymes to increase the exchange of gases.
d.
exchange gases with the circulatory system.
 

 10. 

The process by which organ systems maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called
a.
circulation.
c.
organization.
b.
teamwork.
d.
homeostasis.
 

 11. 

In order for the body to maintain homeostasis, the chemical decomposition of food to produce energy must be followed by
a.
nervous impulses.
c.
waste removal.
b.
muscle contractions.
d.
water intake.
 

 12. 

Cells that transmit electrical signals through the nervous system to various organs in the body are called
a.
organelles.
c.
neurons.
b.
nerves.
d.
tissues.
 

 13. 

Neurons are classified by the
a.
direction in which they carry impulses.
c.
number of impulses that they carry.
b.
number of dendrites that branch out.
d.
amount of metabolic activity that takes place.
 

 14. 

A signal that the bladder is full is sent to the central nervous system by
a.
feedback loops.
c.
nephron tubules.
b.
sensory neurons.
d.
receptor proteins.
 

 15. 

What is the function of neurotransmitters?
a.
to transmit nerve impulses through dendrites
b.
to transmit nerve impulses across synapses
c.
to stimulate the production of epinephrine
d.
none of the above
 

 16. 

What begins when a neuron is stimulated by another neuron or by the environment?
a.
a threshold
c.
an impulse
b.
an axon
d.
a dendrite
 

 17. 

When an impulse reaches the end of a neuron, it triggers the release of
a.
dendrites.
c.
sodium ions.
b.
receptors.
d.
neurotransmitters.
 

 18. 

The cell body of a neuron collects information from which structure?mc018-1.jpg
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 19. 

What is the function of the central nervous system?
a.
to relay messages
c.
to process information
b.
to analyze information
d.
all of the above
 

 20. 

The region of the brain that recognizes hunger is the
a.
medulla oblongata.
c.
thalamus.
b.
brain stem.
d.
hypothalamus.
 

 21. 

A student’s ability to think about a question and answer it correctly is directly controlled by the
a.
cerebellum.
c.
cerebrum.
b.
brain stem.
d.
medulla.
 

 22. 

Which of the following is a function of the cerebrum?
a.
controls breathing
c.
controls blood pressure
b.
controls heart rate
d.
controls conscious activities of the body
 

 23. 

The ability to move your right hand is controlled by the
a.
left hemisphere of the cerebrum.
b.
right hemisphere of the cerebrum.
c.
both the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum.
d.
neither hemisphere of the cerebrum.
 

 24. 

Which of the following is a function of the nervous system?
a.
producing lactic acid in fatigued muscle tissues
b.
increasing cellular respiration in muscle tissues
c.
signaling muscle tissues to contract
d.
releasing ATP into contracting muscle tissues
 

 25. 

Which division(s) of the peripheral nervous system transmit(s) impulses from sense organs to the central nervous system?
a.
sensory division
c.
sensory and motor divisions
b.
motor division
d.
spinal cord division
 

 26. 

Striking the tendon just below the kneecap causes the lower leg to jerk. Moving an object quickly toward the face can cause the eyes to blink shut. These are examples of
a.
short-term memory.
c.
sensory overload.
b.
reflex reactions.
d.
learned responses.
 

 27. 

Drugs that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate are called
a.
stimulants.
c.
opiates.
b.
depressants.
d.
alcohol.
 

 28. 

What types of drugs slow down the activity of the central nervous system?
a.
stimulants
c.
opiates
b.
depressants
d.
cocaine
 

 29. 

Uncontrollable pain and sickness occur because the body cannot produce enough endorphins when a drug user attempts to stop using
a.
opiates.
c.
crack.
b.
cocaine.
d.
marijuana.
 

 30. 

The most widely abused legal drug is
a.
marijuana.
c.
amphetamines.
b.
tranquilizers.
d.
alcohol.
 

 31. 

What system does alcohol immediately affect?
a.
digestive
c.
nervous
b.
circulatory
d.
endocrine
 

 32. 

Alcohol does each of the following EXCEPT
a.
slow reflexes.
c.
impair judgment.
b.
stimulate heart rate.
d.
disrupt coordination.
 

 33. 

One third of all homicides can be attributed to the effects of
a.
alcohol.
c.
crack.
b.
cocaine.
d.
opiates.
 



 
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